Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra

The Convergence of Agricultural Interventions in Maharashtra's (CAIM)

CAIM project was designed for the six distressed districts of Western Vidarbha i.e. Akola, Amravati, Buldhana, Wardha, Washim and Yavatmal in collaboration with Maharashtra Govt., Sir Ratan Tata Trust - SRTT, International Fund for Agriculture Development - IFAD and people contribution. The overall goal of the project is 'to contribute to the development of resilient production, sustainable and diversified households, on-farm and off-farm livelihoods, allowing households to face production and market risks without falling back into poverty and distress'. The projects target groups are the rural households belonging to the Schedule Castes, the Schedule Tribes, landless laborers, the rural women, the small & marginal farmers and the farmers under agrarian distress. To achieve these objectives KJBF has been working in the two clusters, Seloo and Samudrapur of the Wardha district and covered 51 villages under the program.

Process followed

The main area of focus were water resource development, sustainable agriculture practices, women empowerment, promotion of alternative livelihood options and formation of rural institutions and their capacity building. To develop ownership of their own development the village institutions like SHGs and farmers' groups were formed. For monitoring and convergence of relevant government schemes Village Development Committees were formed on the other hand Farmer Producer Companies were formed to develop forward and backward linkages in order to ensure profits to the farming community.

The tools like PRAs, street plays, awareness camps, etc were adopted to understand the existing scenario of the village. The integrated plans for interventions were then developed in consultation with Village Development Committee. The capacities of the different village level institutions were built for pre and post maintenance of activities. The small enterprises were promoted among the landless families for strengthening their livelihood. Similarly biogas was promoted as renewable energy source for the rural families.

Impact of Project

Under this programme 11,276 households were brought under the fold of KJBF covering 51 villages from Seloo and Samudrapur talukas of Wardha district. 81 Small Micro-Enterprises were established benefiting 4984 households in 32 cluster villages through the formation of SHGs and Farmers' Producers' Groups. 2653 landless beneficiaries had enhanced their annual earning by Rs.36, 000 while 8500 farmers had enhanced their average annual income by Rs. 84,000/-. With the construction of 30 group wells 157 farmers were benefitted and 684 acres of land was brought under irrigation. 1601 farmers adopted natural farming practices which reduced the use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides by 13.76 %, improved soil health and contributed in reduction of water and air pollution.

Gramonnati Shetkari Producer Company Ltd.', Seloo, (GSPC) has been leading the development of forward and backward linkages for the farmers of Seloo taluk whereas Krushi Ankur Shetakari Producer Company Ltd. Samudrapur (KASP) leading the market linkages for farmers of Samudrapur taluka.

With the active involvement of villagers 51 VDCs were formed in Seloo (22) and Samudrapur (29) taluka of Wardha district. VDCs are in leading role in watershed management activities, collective purchase of inputs & sale of agricultural produce, sustainable agriculture interventions promoted by KJBF and convergence with government departments.

Farmer Quote:

Mr. Tukaram Waghmare (Secretory- Ideal Shetakari Purush Bachat Gat, Seloo), Village-Seloo, Block-Seloo, - "We are all young boys in our SHG at the age group of 20 to 25 years and found a good employment opportunity with the establishment of Dal mill in Seloo. There was no such facility exiting in the area. We are generating good profits through processing of Dal and the farmers are also getting benefits of the service provided by enterprise for raising their margin of profits through value addition."

Farmer image

Mr. Narendra Rajeram, Village Akoli, Taluka - Seloo - "We could process cotton in to cotton bales only due to guidance and motivation provided by KJBF. This was for the first time we collectively processed our cotton and burgeon over the rates decided by us."

Farmer image

Mr. Keshav Kisanaji Kothare, Village Volunteer, Seloo

"One of the important achievements of this project was that the villagers came together and developed ownership of their own development. Village development committees are playing active role in convergences of relevant schemes of Government and Bajaj Foundation as well as other organizations for the needy families."