Climate Change Adaptation

“Integration of watershed development programme activities towards rehabilitation of degraded Soils and building climate resilience by improving adaptive capacities of the communities against changing climate in the proposed watershed”

 

In India, watershed Programmes in rainfed and drought prone areas have been emphasized. The proposed adaptation project / programme will add value to the current initiative as improved resilience to climate variability and adaptation to climate related unfavourable situation remain to be the core of the proposed intervention. The watersheds under this project will be distinct and model of replication in the following ways:

  1. It takes into account resilience factors and lessons of climate variability and change piloted in different locations, more specifically in a rainfed condition and corroborating with community perception and requirement;
  2. It is trying to bridge the identified gaps in order to arrest / minimize the impact of drought / dry spells and improve resilience;
  3. It models the future climate scenario to factor in sensitivity, exposure as well as mal- adaptation: to design climate-proofing measures for the watershed.

In this way it is going to enhance the adaptive capacity of the community in general and farmers in particular. The project looks at resilience of the watersheds much beyond the usual soil and water conservation focused drought-proofing measures and is beyond the business-as-usual practice and can be considered as concrete adaptation.

 

Objectives

 

Specific objectives to achieve the above goal are listed below:

  1. Improving adaptation to climate variability / change in farm sector with better management and maintenance of soil and water regime enabling better crop / pasture land productivity and resultant increase in income of small and marginal farmers. 

  2. Promoting climate resilient farming system and diversification of livelihoods engaging community and their associations in the concrete adaptation pathway. 

  3. Reducing climate change vulnerability and process of marginalization with integration of risk mitigation products, like crop, weather and market advisory; and information system. 


 

Process/ Choice of the proposed Project Area:-

The watershed had been selected on the basis of following points and preliminary surveys were carried out.

  • Low & erratic rainfall
  • No work on soil & water conservation measures
  • Ground Water Exploitation.
  • Preponderance of Waste lands/degraded lands
  • High percentage of Small & Marginal Farmers
  • Productivity potential of the land is very low.
  • Developing cluster of watershed projects

 

Water shed Name

Taluka/Block

District

State

Dhumankheda

(Dhumankheda & Lahori)

Samudrapur

Wardha

Maharashtra

Dhumankheda

(Ralegaon)

Samudrapur

Wardha

Maharashtra

Nandora

Karanja

Wardha

Maharashtra

Rahati & Nagazari

Karanja

Wardha

Maharashtra

Jogaheti & Dongargaon

Karanja

Wardha

Maharashtra

Salai (P)

Seloo

Wardha

Maharashtra

 

Expected Outcome:

  • Will strengthen the adaptive capacity of the communities in watershed and reduce their vulnerability to climate change
  • Will Increase the understanding of climate change issues among the communities
  • Will increase productivity of natural resources that contributes to better income, nutritional status and drudgery reduction and overall livelihood of community.