Development of Non-Conventional Energy Sources

Biogas Programme

Kamalnayan Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation has made significant efforts in promoting ecological sustainability through use of cleaner energy sources. Biogas is a renewable and cheap source of energy that also reduces the destruction of trees while producing high quality organic fertilizer that farmers can use to improve crop yields. It's use renders both environmental and human health benefits. It cuts down the cost of purchasing petroleum products such as kerosene and LPG for lighting and energy for cooking. The damage of the ozone layer is a major cause of global warming and climate change. Therefore, by using cattle dung in biogas production, farmers help to protect the environment. 

The main product of biogas is slurry, a high quality fertilizer that is higher in nutrients than compost or farmyard manure. Research has shown that the slurry can increase crop yields in organic farms by up to 30 per cent and reduces weed growth by up to 50 per cent.

Most of the population in rural relies on wood fuel for their energy requirements. This has caused a lot of deforestation and even desertification across the country. The increase in population makes it unsustainable to continue with the use of wood fuel as a source of energy. Biogas is therefore the most suitable alternative source of energy that farmers in rural areas need to use to protect their environment and increase crop production. Besides that, indoor air pollution due to use of firewood poses great danger to the health of women and young girls who perform most of the household chores such as cooking and even household sanitation.

Process followed

Under National Biogas Development Programme; KJBF has been implementing biogas Programme in collaboration with Agriculture Department, Zilla Parishad in Wardha district. The beneficiaries are enrolled through village volunteers. After construction of biogas plant the user group is trained for its maintenance for efficient functioning of plant. To make the intervention self sustainable we are exploring an entrepreneurship model for repair and maintenance of biogas plant.

Achievements

Biogas is a boon to the rural household. The multiple benefits of the Biogas have changed many lives in the rural area of Wardha district. Till date, 2,832 biogas plants had been installed in 360 villages of Wardha district. 45 youth of Wardha district were imparted skill training on masonry for construction of biogas plants; their livelihood strengthened with generation of monthly income of Rs.10, 000 for each of them. (Upto 2017)

Impact -

Low cost energy for cooking 

Each family is annually saving 5 qt fuel wood and Rs. 4500 on purchase of it.

Less Laborious

With the promotion of biogas, women have now easy access to low cost energy at the turn of a knob. They are saving 3 hours per day on collection of fuel wood as well as time required for cooking.

No smoke or odour
Women's health related issues too got resolved as biogas brought them smoke-free kitchen.

Job creation
45 youth of Wardha district were imparted skill training on masonry for construction of biogas plants; their livelihood strengthened with generation of monthly income of Rs.10, 000 for each of them

Availability of quality fertilizer
Bio-slurry is a good fertilizer than farm yard manure as it free of seeds of weed and higher amount of available nutrients.

Cleaner surroundings
It reduces the prevalence of diseases by reducing their breeding places with the storage of dung in a manure heap.

Environmental Protection
Biogas use has reduced consumption of fuel wood by 80%. Thus  conserving forest resulting in less soil erosion and strengthening ecosystem. The negative effect of Methane on climate changes is 20 times more than CO2. Therefore, release of about 100 Kg Methane per year from each cow is equivalent to about 2100 Kg CO2 per year. Combustion of biogas converts methane into CO2 and reduce the GHG impact by 20 times. 

YouTube link –

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=5 W97x-y6aE0